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every day (week,month,year)可引导时间状语从句吗  

2015-10-27 23:29:25|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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问题:

有人说 every time, every day, every week, every month, every year 等均可引导时间状语从句,但举的例子只有 every time。如:

(1) Every time I call on him, he is out. 我每次去拜访他,他都不在。

(2) Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. 每次我听你的意见都惹了麻烦。

(3) You must present your library card every time you borrow books. 你每次借书都必须出示借书证。

请问:every day, every week, every month, every year 等均可以引导时间状语从句吗?有这样的例子吗(我是指比较可靠的例子)?我不要网上的例子,我想要语法书或词典上的例子。

解答一:

我认为,学习英语切不可“套用公式”。好像没见过every day, every week, every month, every year等用作连词引导状语从句的。这些短语相当于副词,在句中直接用作时间状语。不过,有时候根据需要,后面可以跟一个由when引导的时间从句。如:

Every day when I wake up in the morning, I thank god for a brand day. 每天早上醒来我都感谢上帝赐予我全新的一天。

Every week when I get my paycheck, I always try to put fifty dollars in my savings account for a rainy day. 每星期拿到工资以后,我总是想办法存五十美元到银行里去,以备不时之需。

 而every time(或each time)就不同了,它既可以单独做状语,也可以用作连词引导状语从句。如:

He has been jailed eight times. Each time, friends bailed him out. 他8次被关进局子里,每次都是朋友保释他出来的。

Every time I switch on the TV, there's football. It's overkill. 我每次打开电视都是足球节目,真是受不了。

解答二:

1. 许祖峄编《英语从属关联词》(四川人民出版社 1984年6月第一版)P40:

each time (that) every time (that) 都是复合连词,意思是“每次”、“总是”,( on any occasion, on matter when),引导时间状语从句,that通常省去。例:

Each time he comes, he has something new to say.

Every time  I went to his house ,  he was out.

除 each time,every time  外,the first time, next time 等均可作连词,引导时间状语从句。例:

He had impressed me that way the first time I met him.

Be sure to call on us next time you come to visit our country.

2. 孟德杰编《英语关连词词典》(中国国际广播出版社 1991年11月北京第1版)P31:

each / every time[复连] [引:时间]每当[主句中常用 will 或 would]

Each time came to town he would visit our school.

He was observed at first to vary on some points every time he told it…

3. 李秀芹主编《大学英语关连词用法精编》(天津大学出版社 1999年6月底1版)P 59:

each(every)time

复合从属连词

引导时间状语从句

on any occasion,  no matter when

each(every)time 是连词,当其所引导的时间状语从句表示过去习惯发生的动作时,主句动词常用would do的形式。例:

Each(Every) time came to town he would visit our school.

You grow younger every time I see you.

Each time I called on him , he was busy with his work.

4.Sylvia Chalker编著 刘万存译《Collins Cobuild英语语法系列 9.连词》(外文出版社 2001年4月第1版)

P14: 2.6 有时可用on the day, at the moment或 the first time之类的短语加上that关系从句代替when引导的时间状语从句。

This came on the day I got my last bank statement.

He arrived at the very moment  that the Civil Service was preparing radical administrative  changes.

The first time I came here, I had the best night’s sleep for months.

P18: 2.12  whenever, every time 和each time 表示某些一再引起相同动作发生的事件。

We go to Disneyland every time we’re in  Los Angeles.

 Each time she went out she would buy a plant.

从以上专门工具书可以看出,every day (week, month ,year)目前还没有哪个工具书像对待every time一样把它们当作连词,引导时间状语从句。

更多解答:

http://ask.yygrammar.com/q-5666.html 

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